Endometrial thickness may change according to the menstrual cycle in women. However, there are other factors also responsible for the size of the endometrium. Here we will discuss the causes, symptoms and importance of endometrial thickness.
What Is Endometrium?
The endometrium is known as a layer of the uterus. The interesting point is that the size of this organ changes every month. According to the fertile years, the endometrium starts to change itself month to month.
During the menstrual cycle, the body makes endometrium to produce an embryo in the uterus. In this process, the size endometrium increases and decreases. There are two hormones (Estrogens & Progesterone) that also the main reason behind the thickness of the endometrium.
What Is the Normal Size of Endometrium?
The normal size of the endometrium changes according to your fertile years. From childhood to your maturity, the thickness of the endometrium changes month to month.
- In female, who is not facing menstrual cycle, the size of the endometrium is smaller.
- As per research, it has been observed that the thickness of the endometrium is thin during the menstrual cycle. If we talk about measurement then the thickness of the endometrium will be between 2 to 4 mm (millimetres) at this time.
- Each month at the end of the menstrual cycle, the size of the endometrium becomes thick. The size will between 5 to 7 mm (millimetres) during this condition. It is the situation before ovulation or just after the menstrual cycle (when there is no bleeding).
- When it comes to ovulation (after few days of the menstrual cycle), the size of the endometrium is thicker. During this period, the size is around 11 mm (millimetres).
- The endometrium is at its highest size after the 14 days of the menstrual cycle. During this period, the size measurement is around 16 mm (millimetres).
How the Thickness of Endometrium is Important during Pregnancy?
As per scientific research, the thickness of the endometrium plays an important role during pregnancy. The size should be normal (not too thin or not too thick) for a successful pregnancy in women. Normal size helps the embryo or egg to transfer successfully and forgetting essential nutrition.
At the time of pregnancy, the thickness of the endometrium increases. However, the measurement of the endometrium is about 5 mm or less in postmenopausal people.
Measurement of Endometrium Thickness!
The thickness of the endometrium can be measure through ultrasound first. It is one of the most common methods that doctor always use first to measure the size of the endometrium. However, there are many situations where ultrasound is unable to get definite results. In such a situation, the doctor will go with MRI for the measurement.
What Are the Symptoms of the thickness of the endometrium?
When the size of the endometrium begins to thick then you will notice some symptoms like:
- There will be changes in the menstrual cycle. You may have to face an irregular menstrual cycle during the thickness of the endometrium.
- There may be spotting between the menstrual cycle/periods.
- During the menstrual cycle, there may be heavy bleeding for a long-lasting period.
- Lastly, there may be bleeding just after menopause which is an important symptom of endometrial thickness.
Causes behind the Endometrium Thickness or Thinness
We know that the size of the endometrium changes according to the menstrual cycle. But here are some factors also responsible for it like:
- Pregnancy is one of the most important causes of endometrial thickness. Any female who has 5 weeks pregnancy indicates the thickness of the endometrium.
- Another factor is ovarian cancer. Before 45 years, there are rare chances of having ovarian cancer in female. However, it can be diagnosed with the right treatment at right time.
- Hyperplasia is another factor for the endometrial thickness. This situation arises due to the extra levels of estrogens compared to progesterone.
Apart from the above factors, here are some common factors behind the endometrial thickness:
- High blood pressure
- HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy)
- Endometrial Polyps
- Scar Tissue
- Other medical treatment
If any female is trying to get pregnant then she must pay attention to the thickness of the endometrium. The normal size of the endometrium is important for a successful pregnancy. If you are facing an irregular menstrual cycle, heavy bleeding, bleeding just after menopause etc then visit a doctor soon.