Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a well-known technology that is widely used in IVF. While ICSI is a look-alike of IVF, the method by which fertilisation is being achieved varies here. In IVF, the sperm and egg are collected in a dish. The point of difficulty in this process is completing the quality and quantity of sperm required to succeed. But, ICSI treatment eases the likelihood of IVF success.
During ICSI treatment, an embryologist uses powered magnification to inject a viable sperm through zona pellucida (outer shell) and into an egg. If this process is successful, you can see embryos developing in the female body. This can be transferred into the uterus for an upcoming IVF treatment.
How are sperms collected in ICSI?
Sperms are often collected manually from the male or the male’s testicle through a surgical method. The surgical procedure is preferred when there is a blockage that prevents sperms from ejaculating manually. To determine any genetic issues that could affect the embryo, doctors always recommend carrying out genetic testing before initiating the ICSI treatment.
Egg retrieval and Ovulation process
In order to prepare for the procedure, at home, regular sex helps in Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate ovaries to produce many eggs. This process is known as superovulation. By the first week, the physician checks your estrogen levels and carries out an ultrasound process to check if the eggs are genuinely maturing inside the follicles.
In the second week, the dosage might alter depending upon the ultrasound and test results. If the follicles tested are fully ripped, then females injected with an hCG shot to stimulate the existing follicles to fully mature. Then, these mature eggs are taken out after 36 hours. This process is done using needle aspiration or laparoscopy method guided by ultrasound waves through the female belly to the ovaries.
Things to expect after the treatment
The superovulation process requires periodic blood tests and constant monitoring by physicians. Some of the techniques can be painful, as well. Hence, they need some recovery time. You are asked to avoid any strenuous activities for the rest of the day while carrying out this process.
How fair is this treatment?
With the proper procedure, ICSI is as successful as for people who have no sperms to ejaculate. The ICSI process by sperms collected from the male’s testicles produces over 20% to 30% birth rate.
This treatment can also be done when a couple’s infertility issues are not related to problems with sperm deficiency—some couples even ICSI after failing in other therapies.
ICSI treatment is also used for couples who are thinking to test the embryo for specific genetic problems. ICSI treatment involves collecting just one sperm for an egg. So the possibilities for contamination by any other sperms.
At Baby Science clinic, with over 20 years’ of experience in fertility treatments, our expert doctors such as Dr.Manjunath and Dr.Jyothi Patil (IVF specialists) will inspect and suggest an apt treatment to you. Contact us to resolve your infertility issues.