Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy - Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy - Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

During your pregnancy, some of you feel pain in your pelvic. This pelvic pain is medically acknowledged as SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction) or PGP (Pelvic Gridle Pain). It is a combination of uncomfortable symptoms that are caused by an unevenly movement in the joints or a stiffness in your pelvic joints. 

Symptoms of pelvic pain or PGP

Generally, pelvic pain doesn’t harm your growing baby. It can occur to you any time in the first, second, or third trimester. You might feel pain:

  • across one or both sides of your lower back
  • in the area that lies between your anus and vagina 
  • over the pelvic bone. The exact place of pain could be at the front in the centre or your hips
  • in lower belly, groin, hips, lower back, legs, thighs, and knees   

Some of you may listen to or feel grinding/clicking in the pelvic area. You will notice such pain when you are having sex with your partner, walking, going up on stairs, standing on one leg (for dressing or going upstairs), getting in/out of the car, and turning over in your bed.     

Causes of PGP, pelvic pain 

As per a few medical science studies, one in five pregnant women gets PGP. It can occur to you in the first, second, or third trimester. However, it is more common in the 3rd trimester. Till now, it is not clear why some pregnant women counter pelvic pain. However, it is associated with a number of issues that could be previous pelvis damage and position/weight of growing baby in the womb. Here are some other causes of pelvic pain:

  • Emotional distress 
  • Smoking
  • Family history of lower back or pelvic pain 
  • Increased BMI
  • A physically demanding job
  • PGP in previous pregnancies 

Treatments 

Pelvic pain treatments aim to enhance your pelvic joint position, ease/relieve pain, and enhance your muscle function. The treatments can include:

  • Physiotherapy to ensure the joints of your hip, pelvis, and spine move smoothly 
  • Exercises, including Kegel exercise, to strengthen you back, stomach, pelvic, and hip muscles
  • Advice for having sex during pregnancy, ideal positions for sex, and pain relief 

Self-care 

Apart from treatments and doctor’s advice, you should do something at home that could help you to get rid of your PGP. Here are some advices for you:

  • Rest when you feel a need for it 
  • Be as active as possible for you and avoid doing activities that can worsen your pain 
  • Ask your partner or family members for help in your household work
  • Put on flat and support outfits 
  • Sit down to get dressed and avoid standing on one leg 
  • Leave the ways of turning over in your bed that cause pain. Instead, try other ways 
  • Be in the comfortable position to sleep 
  • Apply the pose that doesn’t increase pressure in pelvic area if you want to have sex 
  • While getting in or out of the car, keep your knees together 
  • Take a stair at a time while going upstairs/downstairs 
  • Apply an ice pack on the pelvic area for 5-10 minutes several times a day to ease your pain 

Whatever you do should be supportive for you in coping with your pelvic pain. For more information on PGP, you can speak to an expert working with BabyScience IVF Clinics.

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